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Indonesian essential oil situation update (June 2017)

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The Indonesian Meteorological Agency, the Bureau of Climatology and Geophysics, predicts that the dry/wet season model for 2017 in many parts of Indonesia will be normal. In 2015, Indonesia suffered from the El Niño phenomenon (less rainfall) and La Niña in 2016 (more rainfall than usual). Java has entered the dry season in May 2017. The low production of several essential oils will recover last year but we can't expect to be as productive as in 2015.

Clove leaf oil

The 2017 Indonesian clove bud harvest will be very small. The lilac tree takes several dry months to trigger the flowers of the clove bud. Last year, many clove growing areas did not have a dry season. The supply of dried clove leaves in autumn 2017 will increase from 2016, but will be lower than 2015. Harvesting of clove buds in 2015, usually harvesting crops. The production of freshly distilled clove leaf oil is estimated to be about 35 million tons, slightly higher than 2016, but will not reach 45 million tons as in 2015. The price of clove leaf oil will continue to stabilize in the first half of 2017 in the coming months, until the new four years of 2017 will be more available.

Patchouli oil

The harvest of Sulawesi Patchouli began in February and lasted until June, before the end of Ramadan. The wet year of 2016 made Sulawesi's irrigated patchouli field grow well. Prices are drastically reduced due to the relatively high inventory levels in the supply chain. Total production in 2017 is expected to exceed 15 million tons again, with more than 70% of production coming from Sulawesi. A weaker price in the past year may reduce the enthusiasm of many farmers to continue planting patchouli. It seems that the current market price has bottomed out and has reached unsustainable levels in some producing areas.

Nutmeg oil

In 2017, the main driving force for the supply and price instability of nutmeg oil. Crops grown in non-traditional procurement of nutmeg, such as Lampung in Sumatra, South Africa, fill the gap between supply and demand. Indonesia will have normal production, about 350 million tons of oil in 2017.

Citronella oil

Despite the enthusiasm of many new members to grow and extract citronella oil in Indonesia, the long rain season has resulted in lower than normal oil production. Due to strong demand, prices have risen by more than 50%. Indonesia is expected to produce 10 million tons of citronella oil this year. However, as China's supply declines, Indonesia's production will not be sufficient to meet growing domestic and export demand.

Other essential oils

The shortage of vetiver, cananga and recent cubeb oil will not be resolved soon.