Question&AnswerHome > Aromatic Ecosphere > Question&Answer

French rose

Landlord:一诺互联  time:02-20 14:55  Click:311  Reply:0  Collection


Plant
Also known as the French rose or pink rose. French rose habits: cold-tolerant, drought-tolerant, disease-resistant, anti-pollution, not strict on soil requirements, can grow in slightly alkaline soil, grow and bloom on neutral or slightly acidic light loam rich in humus and well-drained It is best, most like light, poor growth under the shade, not able to withstand the accumulation of water, the lower leaves of the leaves are yellow, the germination is very strong, and the growth is rapid. The flowering period is long, the flower has a large oil yield, and it is suitable for climate cultivation all over the country. It is a rare and excellent variety.
data
June 3
Birthday flower: French Rose
Flower language: can say good words (Speech
 
Basic Information
Family classification:Rosaceae Rosaceae, Rosa Rosieae, Rose Rosa, Rose rugosa. Traits: deciduous shrubs, branches and dense thorns (so the spring in the "Red House" is called rose, because it is red and fragrant and hand )
Leaflet shape and number: 5-9 leaflets, the leaves are narrower than the rose, the texture is thicker, and the leaf surface is obviously wrinkled and smooth due to the lower limit of the vein.
Inflorescence, flower:One to several flowers are born at the branches, the flowers are 5-8 cm in diameter, and the purple (red rose) is more white and green, but it is rare. Flowering from April to June, the aroma is fragrant. Fruit: spheroidal.
Application:Ornamental, extracting essence for Chinese medicine, (Rose buds have the effect of qi and activating blood circulation, often used for chest pain, stomach pain, premenstrual breast pain, injury, dysmenorrhea, indigestion, irregular menstruation, etc. () Edible (can make tea, sparkling wine, smoked tea, dried to make snacks, preserves.)
形态特征
Leaves erect pubescent shrubs, stalks gray-brown, dense bristles and barbed, pinnately compound, leaflets 5-9, elliptic to elliptic obovate, sessile serrate, thick, wrinkled, bright green, grayish green, It is pilose or bristled, petiole and leaf axis sparsely punctate and glandular hairs. Most of the stipules are joined to the petiole and have fine serrations. Flowers solitary or 3-6 episodes, flowers 6-8 cm, floral aroma, densely pubescent and bristly, petals purple or white, single or double. Rose hips are flat, red, and the statues are persistent. Flowering from May to September, fruiting period from September to October.
Growing environment
French rose is a slightly dry soil environment, and the supply of water should be ensured during the vigorous growth period. It has a large demand for fertilizer. Except for the application of base fertilizer at the time of planting, it can be forced once every 2-3 weeks during the vigorous growth period. French rose is a sunny day, and it can grow well in a shady environment. It should not be exposed to sunlight for less than 4 hours a day. It is best to keep a full day. It is warm, cold-resistant, and grows well in the temperature range of 14--28 ° C, and can withstand a low temperature of 10 ° C.
Distribution
Roses are native to the East, but today they are probably spread all over the world, mainly in temperate zones. Variety classification
The original variety includes 250 different species of wild roses, and there are thousands of hybrids and varieties. Today, there are more than 30 kinds of "scented roses", but only three of them are "parental" of other roses. Because of the elegant fragrance, they are planted in large areas. The first is the red rose (R. gallica), which is most easily propagated and is native to the Caucasus. It is often called "French Rose", "Provins rose" or "Antonia Rose" (Rose of Anatolia). ). The second old rose is R. centifolia, native to Persia, often called Provence rose or Rose of Ispahan, the son of the red rose. Generation, the parent of the rose and the rose of the heart. The third old rose is the R.damascena, which is native to Syria and has a fragrant aroma. It is the most common rose for distilling essential oils and has the most medical value.

Cultivation Techniques


Seedling cultivation

This kind of plant is mainly propagated by cuttings, and it is carried out in spring, summer and spring. In order to promote the rapid rooting of the cuttings and increase the survival rate of the seedlings, it is best to harvest the cuttings from the branches of the flowers that have just withered. First cut the branches of the French rose into segments 10 to 12 cm long. Note that the scissors should be sharp, and if the cuttings are split, it will affect normal rooting. They are then inserted in a fine sand seedbed to maintain a 2 to 3 cm spacing. The seedbed should be arched and covered with a colorless plastic film for moisturizing. Always spray water to maintain air humidity, pay attention to shade. When the cuttings grow 4-6 new roots, they should be transplanted. Seeding, ramets, and strips can also be used for seedlings. Sowing can be carried out every year from February to March. It should be noted that its seeds can only germinate after a low temperature environment.

Cultivation substrate

The soil requirements are not strict. If there are conditions, it is advisable to use loose and fertile, well-drained sandy loam. It can also grow well in v thin land.

Colonization method

Ground planting, French rose seedlings are mostly planted in the spring and summer. You should choose a land with a high terrain and a sunny place. You can dig holes in a size of 50 cm in diameter and 50 cm in depth. It is best to apply manure in the hole, paying attention to cover it with the soil to avoid burning roots. Usually, one seedling is planted every two years, and the roots are firstly fixed, the roots are spread out, and then the soil is filled. Then water is poured once, and after 3 to 5 days, two more waters need to be poured. Colonization is best done on a cloudy day.

Management points

Loosing once a month helps the roots to develop and promotes better plant growth. After flowering, the new shoots should be cut off. After the leaves of the plants in winter, short cuts are required to remove the diseased branches, cross branches, dead branches, and thin branches; the plastic soil at the base of the plants can be protected to reduce the occurrence of the stripping phenomenon.
 
Pest control
In actual cultivation, French rose will be harmed by powdery mildew, black spot, etc., and will be attacked by harmful animals such as mites, rose bees and aphids.
 
Plant culture
Roman lawyer, flower of St. Chelis
Since ancient times, there has been a habit of linking saints with specific flowers in Christianity. This is because the church often adorns the altar with blooming flowers when commemorating the saints. In the medieval Catholic monastery, it is more like a garden center. Planted with a variety of flowers, over time, the church will combine 366 days of saints with different flowers to form a so-called flower calendar. Most of the monasteries at that time were located in southern Europe, while southern Europe had a Mediterranean climate, which was ideal for planting flowers and plants. French rose belongs to the Rosaceae plant. The origin is in southern Europe and West Asia. The saint who is commemorated by this flower is the Roman lawyer who changed his religious belief in the 3rd century AD---Saint-Sullivan.
 Flower language: can speak good
 
French rose
The sage represented by the French rose is the Roman lawyer who converted to Christianity in the 3rd century AD, Saint-Cheres. Therefore, the flower language of this flower is "can speak French rose goodness." Those who accept this kind of flower blessing are very good at eloquence. It is very suitable for serving as a president of a similar student union. However, there are still many things in the world that can be solved without words. Especially in terms of feelings, we must use more snacks and pay more to expect to have a true feeling.
 
Birthstone: Pearl
The history of pearls is very long. In India, from 500 BC, the nobles of the princes regarded the pearls as the most advanced gems and collected them. In Europe, around 300 BC.
In China, around 2000 BC, some people used it as a tribute to the king. In Japan, pearls have existed since ancient times. In the "Japanese Book Ji" and "Wan Ye Ji", there are articles about singing pearls. The pearls taken from the pearl mouth of the azure sea have a mysterious glow. Some people call it "the tears of the moon" and "the tears of the mermaid." Whether it is the East or the West, there are many legends about the pearls.
 
Legend of pearl
Among the legends about pearls, the most famous one is the story of Cleopatra. When ancient Egypt was occupied by the Roman army, Cleopatra Cleopatra became the lover of the Roman general Caesar. After Caesar’s death, Cleopatra hosted a banquet to invite military commander Anthony. In the lavish banquet, Cleopatra took off her pair of pearl ears, dissolved in the golden cup of vinegar, and then into the wine. She raised a cup of Jingan Dongba and wished that "Rome and Egypt will prosper forever." When she wants to drink another cup, her love is too strong. Now, another earring of wine, said to flow to Rome, and become the earrings of the Weiss in the Pantheon.


close